Independent Research and Policy Advocacy

Policy Initiatives

Social Protection Initiative

The Social Protection Initiative at Dvara Research is a policy initiative that aims to conduct research that will inform the design and implementation of a universal social security system. We believe a universal social security system is one that protects households and individuals against the vulnerabilities faced across the life cycle. At the same time, it is important to keep in mind India’s unique demographic and economic realities. These vulnerabilities are the outcomes of complex interactions of being exposed to a threat, of a threat materializing, and of lacking the defences or resources to deal with a threat.

Abhishek Mukherjee Dvara

Abhishek Mukherjee

Research Associate

Anjali Nambiar Dvara

Anjali Nambiar

Research Associate

Aishwarya Narayan Dvara

Aishwarya Narayan

Research Associate

Hasna Ashraf Dvara

Hasna Ashraf

Research Associate

Our Work

June 5, 2023 | Dvara Research

Managed competition is a theoretical concept for designing and regulating health insurance systems. Such systems can secure consumers' interests by managing diverging incentives, instituting uniform regulations, equipping consumers to make informed choices, and creating a competitive environment tailored to rewarding those organisations that improve services to consumers.

By Anjali Nambiar, Hasna Ashraf, Aarushi Gupta
April 26, 2023 | Science Direct

Financing of health systems is an enduring concern world wide. Yazbeck and colleagues in their paper make an important point that when there is a choice between financing in which contributions from citizens take place in the form of generalised taxes versus those in which they are in the form of insurance premiums, the overwhelming evidence suggests that tax-based financing is unambiguously superior even in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the strength of their case against contributory insurance, we suggest that the path forward may be more complex than they envisage for a number of reasons.

By Dr. Nachiket Mor, Hasna Ashraf
March 25, 2023 | ThePrint

The promise of SP-ODEs is compelling but it is worth reiterating that deploying them would not automatically translate into better welfare delivery.

By Lakshay Narang
March 6, 2023 | Dvara Research

Technological advancement is enabling governments to break away from this fragmented model and adopt an approach that allows individual departments to share infrastructural capacities. In policy parlance, this new approach is referred to as an ‘ecosystem-based’ delivery model, wherein several government departments are integrated at the back end, operate on the same platform, with their workflows interoperable with each other.

By Aishwarya Narayan, Lakshay Narang, Aarushi Gupta, Beni Chugh, Dr. Indradeep Ghosh
December 12, 2022 | ThePrint

'JAM' trinity facilitates direct benefit transfers of welfare subsidies into bank accounts of poor, but teething issues have kept the programme from realising its true potential.

November 14, 2022 | ThePrint

Any digital system built to deliver social protection to citizens must accentuate the benefits of digitisation for citizens while suppressing any harm to them.

By Lakshay Narang, Aishwarya Narayan
October 31, 2022 | ThePrint

Social Protection Open Digital Ecosystems (SP-ODEs) can provide beneficiaries, government and service providers a unified, digital platform to better access welfare schemes.

September 30, 2022 | Dvara Research

Colombia’s healthcare domain, like many other sectors in the country, was completely overhauled as part of the country’s sweeping reforms that followed the adoption of a new Constitution in 1991.

By Aarushi Gupta, Anjali Nambiar
September 14, 2022 | Moneycontrol

The delivery infrastructure that supports social protection is in serious need of upheaval and is fraught with issues such as paucity of access points, operational issues causing transaction failure, and unethical activities like fraud.

August 26, 2022 | Moneycontrol

More than half the payment failures may be due to incorrect Aadhaar details, or bank accounts that are wrongly flagged as inactive